Bronwen Everill, “‘All the Baubles That They Needed’: ‘Industriousness’ and Slavery in Saint-Louis and Gorée,” Early American Studies: An Interdisciplinary Journal 15, no. 4 (November 1, 2017): 714–39.
“Atlantic port cities were sites of commercial, consumer, and industrious revolutions in the eighteenth century. This essay argues that accounts of the Atlantic consumer and industrious revolutions need to include African port cities because they were an important market for consumer goods and services. The Senegambian cities of Saint-Louis and Gorée were port cities involved in the consumption of Atlantic and global goods, as well as in the provision of services for ships involved in trade, and especially the slave trade. They had a class of women involved in the economic transformation of the cities, who help illustrate the role of consumerism, as well as the possibilities for accumulation created by the institution of domestic urban slavery. It is useful to look at African port cities because their experiences of urban slavery can help us think critically about what is meant by the industrious household and about how women in different Atlantic contexts were able to accumulate and use invested capital in varying ways.”
Smallwood, Stephanie E. Saltwater Slavery: A Middle Passage from Africa to American Diaspora. 11/15/08 edition. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2008.
Hosted, organized, and compiled by Julia Gaffield:
“Jean-Jacques Dessalines is one of the Haitian Revolution’s most poorly and least understood heroes. Beginning with his ascent to power and continuing into the twenty-first century, Dessalines has been criticized for his use of violence during and after the Revolution as well as for his alleged political incompetence. Much of the criticism is a product of racist beliefs about his “African” character despite the fact that we do not know with certainty whether he was born in Saint-Domingue or in West Africa. His “Africanness” is almost always pitted against the “civility” and “moderation” of the earlier revolutionary leader Toussaint Louverture….”
Lorelle Semley, To Be Free and French: Citizenship in France’s Atlantic Empire. Cambridge University Press, 2017.
Sandra E. Greene, Slave Owners of West Africa: Decision Making in the Age of Abolition. Indiana University Press, 2017.
Mariana Candido, An African Slaving Port and the Atlantic World: Benguela and Its Hinterland. Reprint edition. Place of publication not identified: Cambridge University Press, 2015.
A special symposium in the Journal of African American History featured the work of Gerald Horne, historian of African American and African diaspora history:
Nijla Mu’min looks back at Haile Gerima’s film Sankofa for Shadow and Act:
Pamela Scully and Diana Paton, eds. Gender and Slave Emancipation in the Atlantic World. Duke University Press, 2005.
via Duke U Press: