From 2011, Gumbs writes:
A special symposium in the Journal of African American History featured the work of Gerald Horne, historian of African American and African diaspora history:
May 1. March, protest, strike. Black labor matters.
The Association for the Study of the Worldwide African Diaspora issued a statement on the U.S. presidential election:
In response to the recent election, #ADPhD is sharing reflections, short takes, and responses from scholars of slavery. To submit yours, click here.
On November 14, 2016, in light of the recent election, the Christopher F. Petrella published this essay on the African American Intellectual History Society blog:
“In a direct election system, the North would have outnumbered the South (which had a large population but far fewer eligible voters), whose roughly 550,000 enslaved black people were disenfranchised. Delegates from the South generally supported Madison’s idea of the Electoral College over a direct election system because it was based solely on population volume, not citizenship status or enfranchisement. In conjunction, and at Madison’s urging, the convention agreed to count each enslaved black person as three-fifths of a citizen for the purpose of calculating each state’s representation in the Electoral College and in the allotment of congressional seats.”
Lorelle D. Semley, “To Live and Die, Free and French Toussaint Louverture’s 1801 Constitution and the Original Challenge of Black Citizenship.” Radical History Review 2013, no. 115 (2013): 65–90.
Holland, Jesse J. The Invisibles: The Untold Story of African American Slaves in the White House. Guilford, Connecticut: Lyons Press, 2016.