Teresita Martínez-Vergne, Shaping the Discourse on Space: Charity and Its Wards in Nineteenth-Century San Juan, Puerto Rico. University of Texas Press, 1999.
via UT Press:
How municipal officials and the Casa de Beneficencia shaped the discourse on public and private space and thereby marginalized the worthy poor and vagrants, “liberated” Africans, indigent and unruly women, and destitute children.
Source: Shaping the Discourse on Space Charity and Its Wards in Nineteenth-Century San Juan, Puerto Rico By Teresita Martínez-Vergne