ARTICLE: Bethencourt on Creolization and Kongo Agency

  Francisco Bethencourt. “Creolization of the Atlantic World: The Portuguese and the Kongolese.” Portuguese Studies 27, no. 1 (2011): 56–69. Abstract: From In the 1930s, Gilberto Freyre’s praise of mixed-race people in Brazil challenged the idea of white supremacy, contributing to the building of a new Brazilian identity. In the 1950s, Freyre projected the idea … Continue reading ARTICLE: Bethencourt on Creolization and Kongo Agency