Historians and scholars discuss who is considered 'black' in America. In the video: Ira Berlin, Elsa Barkley Brown, Tiya Miles, Dylan Penningroth, and Deborah Gray White. May 20, 2016. Video below: View it here: Defining Black America, May 20 2016 | Video | C-SPAN.org
Johnson writes: "What do historians of the earlier period do when dealing with black diasporic subjects laboring and living in a world of ideas, philosophies, and cosmologies but largely without alphanumeric texts? Does this black intellectual production only start becoming intellectual history when texts written by people of African descent begin to appear? What new possibilities for intellectual work open when the enslaved and the period of slavery become central?"