2016-17 Howard University Slavery Seminar

Ana Lucia Araujo of Howard University has announced the program of the slavery seminar at Howard University.

Via Ana Lucia Araujo on Facebook:

Continue reading “2016-17 Howard University Slavery Seminar”

VIDEO: Araujo on Sites and Public Memory of the Atlantic Slave Trade | EHESS

Sites of Disembarkation and the Public Memory of the Atlantic Slave Trade with Ana Lucia Araujo (Department of History, Howard University)

Continue reading “VIDEO: Araujo on Sites and Public Memory of the Atlantic Slave Trade | EHESS”

EDITED: Campbell and Elbourne on Sex, Power and Slavery

SexPowerSlavery Cover

Gwyn Campbell and Elizabeth Elbourne, eds. Sex, Power, and Slavery. Ohio University Press, 2014.
via Ohio University Press:

Sexual exploitation was and is a critical feature of enslavement. Across many different societies, slaves were considered to own neither their bodies nor their children, even if many struggled to resist. At the same time, paradoxes abound: for example, in some societies to bear the children of a master was a potential route to manumission for some women. Sex, Power, and Slavery is the first history of slavery and bondage to take sexuality seriously.

Twenty-six authors from diverse scholarly backgrounds look at the vexed, traumatic intersections of the histories of slavery and of sexuality. They argue that such intersections mattered profoundly and, indeed, that slavery cannot be understood without adequate attention to sexuality. Sex, Power, and Slavery brings into conversation historians of the slave trade, art historians, and scholars of childhood and contemporary sex trafficking. The book merges work on the Atlantic world and the Indian Ocean world and enables rich comparisons and parallels between these diverse areas.

EDITED: Araujo on the Politics of Remembering Slavery

"Hallelujah" Stone Sculpture

Ana Lucia Araujo, ed. Politics of Memory: Making Slavery Visible in the Public Space. Routledge, 2012.

via Routledge:

The public memory of slavery and the Atlantic slave trade, which some years ago could be observed especially in North America, has slowly emerged into a transnational phenomenon now encompassing Europe, Africa, and Latin America, and even Asia – allowing the populations of African descent, organized groups, governments, non-governmental organizations and societies in these different regions to individually and collectively update and reconstruct the slave past.

This edited volume examines the recent transnational emergence of the public memory of slavery, shedding light on the work of memory produced by groups of individuals who are descendants of slaves. The chapters in this book explore how the memory of the enslaved and slavers is shaped and displayed in the public space not only in the former slave societies but also in the regions that provided captives to the former American colonies and European metropoles. Through the analysis of exhibitions, museums, monuments, accounts, and public performances, the volume makes sense of the political stakes involved in the phenomenon of memorialization of slavery and the slave trade in the public sphere.


Featured Image Credit: “Hallelujah” Stone Sculpture near the site of the proposed U.S. Slavery Museum in Fredericksburg, VA / Robert A. Martin/AP via “Competing for History” | Upstart Magazine

BOOK: Araujo on the Public Memory of Slavery

A water color by Jean Baptiste Debret (held by a museum in Rio de Janeiro); published in Ana Maria de Moraes, O Brasil dos viajantes (Sao Paulo and Rio de Janeiro, 1994), image 469, p. 93, as shown on http://www.slaveryimages.org, sponsored by the Virginia Foundation for the Humanities and the University of Virginia Library.
Ana Lucia Araujo, Public Memory of Slavery: Victims and Perpetrators in the South Atlantic. Amherst, N.Y: Cambria Press, 2010.
via Cambria Press:

Continue reading “BOOK: Araujo on the Public Memory of Slavery”

Araujo (ed.) on History, Memory and the Slave Trade

Living History: Encountering the Memory of the Heirs of Slavery, Ana Lucia
Araujo, ed. (Cambridge Scholars Publishing, Newcastle upon Tyne, 2009),
ISBN 13: 978-1-4438-0998-6, 301pp.

The Slave Past in the Present
Ana Lucia Araujo, Howard University

Chapter One
"According To My Reckoning": Remembering and Observing Slavery and
Leslie A. Schwalm, University of Iowa

Chapter Two
Sugar Cane, Slaves And Ships: Colonialism, Geography and Power in
Nineteenth-Century Landscapes of Montreal And Jamaica
Charmaine Nelson, McGill University

Chapter Three
Reparations and Remembrance: Racial Justice and the Forging of Public
History in Suburban New York
Carisa Worden, New York University

Chapter Four
Resurgence of Tthe Memory of Slavery in France: Issues and Significations
of a Public and Academic Debate
Christine Chivallon, Centre d'étude d'Afrique noire

Chapter Five
Exhibiting The Heritage of Slavery: Slavery Heritage Production and
Consumption in Suriname and Curaçao
Valika Smeulders, Erasmus University

Chapter Six
To (Re)Construct and to Commemorate: Memory Mutations of Abolition in
Ponce, Puerto Rico
María Margarita Flores-Collazo, University of Puerto Rico
Humberto Garcia Muniz, University of Puerto Rico

Chapter Seven
Playing with History: Capoeira and Internet
Joshua M. Rosenthal, Western Connecticut State University

Chapter Eight
Images, Artefacts and Myths: Reconstructing the Connections Between Brazil
and the Kingdom of Dahomey
Ana Lucia Araujo, Howard University

Chapter Nine
Icons of Slavery: Black Brazil in Nineteenth Century Photography and Image
Margrit Prussat, University of Bayreuth

Chapter Ten
Reviewing the Paradigms of Social Relations in Brazilian Slavery,
Eighteenth-Century Minas Gerais
Eduardo França Paiva, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais

Chapter Eleven
Foreign Vodun: Memories of Slavery and Colonial Encounter in Togo and Benin
Alessandra Brivio, University of Milano-Bicocca

Paton on Enslaved Women and Slavery circa 1807 (and more)

Posted at History in Focus, a 14 volume journal published by the Institute of Historical Research at the University of London.  [On the main page, the link to the issue on slavery is broken.  Access it here.]

Excerpt below:

This year’s commemorations of the 200th anniversary of the passage of the British Act for the Abolition of the Slave Trade have tended to focus on those exceptional individuals who led movements against the trade and against slavery itself. (1) For some, those individuals have been located primarily in Britain: people like Thomas Clarkson, William Wilberforce and – finally being given his due in recent years – Olaudah Equiano. Others have countered that it is more appropriate to examine the frequently revolutionary actions of enslaved people themselves, whose ‘200 Years’ War’ against slavery, as Barbadian historian Hilary Beckles describes it, ultimately increased the economic and political costs of that system to the point where it could no longer be sustained. (2) On both sides, the emphasis has largely been on men, despite some efforts to include a token woman or two: a Hannah More here, a Nanny or a Mary Prince there. This concentration on men is almost inevitable when historical narrative becomes a search for heroic leaders, for the social conventions of most societies have tended to limit women’s capacity to become prominent leaders.

Yet this attention to the exceptional threatens to obscure the quotidian. What about the men and women who lived through slavery without taking up arms against it? Their experience was the norm for slave societies and, I would argue, is as important, as interesting and as full of political struggle as the lives of those who became rebels. This essay focuses on the everyday lives of enslaved people, especially enslaved women, in the British colonies in the Caribbean, and asks what difference the abolition of the slave trade meant to them. It focuses in particular on two issues: labour and reproduction. Drawing on secondary work as well as my own research in Jamaican archives, it shows the complex results of the end of importation of enslaved Africans. One outcome of the end of the slave trade was increased pressure on enslaved women, and thus increased conflict between them and those who sought to exploit them.

Read it in its entirety here.

The index of articles for the issue on slavery:

Britain, slavery and the trade in enslaved Africans

by Marika Sherwood

Enslaved women and slavery before and after 1807

by Diana Paton

British links and the West Indian proslavery argument

by Christer Petley

Reading the rebels: currents of slave resistance in the eighteenth-century British West Indies

by Natalie Zacek

Runaway slave communities in South Carolina

by Tim Lockley

Abolishing the slave trade

by James Walvin

The Big Disappointment. The economic consequences of the abolition of slavery in the Caribbean, 1833-1888

by Pieter C. Emmer

Political uses of memories of slavery in the Republic of Benin

Ana Lucia Araujo

How could we do without sugar and rum?

Graham Ullathorne