Alexander on Black Identity in New York

During the early national and antebellum eras, black leaders in New York City confronted the tenuous nature of Northern emancipation. Despite the hope of freedom, black New Yorkers faced a series of sociopolitical issues including the persistence of Southern slavery, the threat of forced removal, racial violence, and the denial of American citizenship. Even efforts to create community space within the urban landscape, such as the African Burial Ground and Seneca Village, were eventually demolished to make way for the city’s rapid development. In this illuminating history, Leslie M. Alexander chronicles the growth and development of black activism in New York from the formation of the first black organization, the African Society, in 1784 to the eve of the Civil War in 1861. In this critical period, black activists sought to formulate an effective response to their unequal freedom. Examining black newspapers, speeches, and organizational records, this study documents the creation of mutual relief, religious, and political associations, which black men and women infused with African cultural traditions and values.

via University of Illinois Press.  (Courtesy of freemixradio:  Listen to the interview with Michelle and Leslie Alexander here)

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Beswick and Spaulding, eds. African Systems of Slavery

From Publisher Website:
African Systems of Slavery continues a discussion opened by Suzanne Miers and Igor Kopytoff in 1977 with their seminal collection Slavery in Africa. The present volume contains new offerings by original contributors as well as valuable studies by newcomers who share the original editors’ perspectives. These include a nuanced understanding of African institutions of human subordination and a preference for definitions and terminology rooted in African culture. While some African historical situations attained a status that would justify the application of concepts imported from the world of Atlantic or Islamic slavery, many did not, and the burden of this volume is to oppose the politically popular but intellectually highly reductionist tendency to do so. African slavery, in the first instance, should be approached on its own terms.

Table of Contents:

Introduction / Stephanie Beswick and Jay Spaulding
Slavery in the Western Soudan / Martin A. Klein
Slaves without rulers : domestic slavery among the Diola of Senegambia / Robert Baum
The work of slaves in the Akan and Adangme regions of Ghana in the nineteenth century / Raymond E. Dumett
When deities marry : indigenous “slave” systems expanding and metamorphosing in the Igbo hinterland / Nwando Achebe
Death’s waiting room : Equatorial Guinea’s long history of slavery / Randall Fegley
Slaves in the politically decentralized societies of Equatorial Africa / Robert Harms
Indigenous slavery and the Atlantic trade : Kongo texts / Wyatt MacGaffey
Bound to violence : Uganda’s child soldiers as slaves / Randall Fegley
South Sudanese systems of slavery : state expansion and slave mobility among the Bari and Azande of South Sudan (c. 1700-1900) / Stephanie Beswick
“Slaves of the king?” : rhetoric and reality in the Nubian state tradition / Jay Spaulding.

WEB: Yale Slavery and Abolition Portal

This site is designed to help researchers and Yale students find primary sources related to slavery, abolition, and resistance within the university’s many libraries and galleries.

Across the top of the website, you will find the chance to view relevant collections in each Yale institution. You can view items across the different institutions by entering a keyword or phrase on the search page. You can also sort items according to a particular period, place, or topic by selecting a category from the tag cloud. Under links, you will find a collection of electronic databases that provide access to digital resources with significant relevant content.

Every archive or research guide has a bias, and this website is no exception. We have chosen only a small sample of collections from a variety of repositories across the Yale campus. We hope that these collections will provide a sense of the breadth and depth of the primary source material available to researchers and students. Some of the collections we have chosen to highlight are available in full online. Others have been digitized in part. Many collections are available only in hard copy or on microfilm and are not represented here.

via About | Yale Slavery and Abolition Portal.