African Diaspora, Ph.D. is revisiting scholarship that has shaped the study of people of African descent across time and place.
Claire C. Robertson and Martin A. Klein, eds. Women and Slavery in Africa. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1985.
In a 1985 review of the volume, Patrick Manning wrote:
Josep Maria Fradera and Christopher Schmidt-Nowara, eds. Slavery and Antislavery in Spain’s Atlantic Empire. New York: Berghahn Books, 2013.
via Berghahn Books:
African slavery was pervasive in Spain’s Atlantic empire yet remained in the margins of the imperial economy until the end of the eighteenth century when the plantation revolution in the Caribbean colonies put the slave traffic and the plantation at the center of colonial exploitation and conflict. The international group of scholars brought together in this volume explain Spain’s role as a colonial pioneer in the Atlantic world and its latecomer status as a slave-trading, plantation-based empire. These contributors map the broad contours and transformations of slave-trafficking, the plantation, and antislavery in the Hispanic Atlantic while also delving into specific topics that include: the institutional and economic foundations of colonial slavery; the law and religion; the influences of the Haitian Revolution and British abolitionism; antislavery and proslavery movements in Spain; race and citizenship; and the business of the illegal slave trade.
Henri Medard, Marie-Laure Derat, Thomas Vernet, and Marie Pierre Ballarin, eds. Traites et esclavages en Afrique orientale et dans l’océan Indien. Paris: Karthala, 2013.
Aucune région au monde n’a connu une histoire aussi longue de la traite et de l’esclavage que l’Afrique orientale et l’océan Indien. Très loin des modèles simplificateurs du complexe atlantique, les sociétés de l’océan Indien ont éprouvé des modalités de traites et des situations serviles très diverses, où tous les systèmes esclavagistes européens, orientaux et africains se mêlent. Les Africains et les Malgaches sont majoritaires parmi les esclaves mais ils côtoient des compagnons d’infortune d’origines géographiques extrêmement variées, et en particulier des Asiatiques. Les esclaves sont redistribués et vendus aux quatre coins de l’océan Indien mais aussi vers l’Atlantique, alors que se développent en Afrique de façon croissante les logiques serviles qui connaissent leur apothéose à Zanzibar au XIXe siècle.
Cet ouvrage complète magistralement une historiographie qui demeure largement dominée par les études sur l’Atlantique. Par le biais d’une approche globale, océanique comme continentale, il renouvelle en profondeur les questions de la traite et de l’esclavage ainsi que de leurs mutations complexes du XVe au XXIe siècle dans l’espace de l’Afrique orientale et de l’océan Indien. Il offre ainsi au public francophone une approche novatrice et percutante à partir d’études de cas originales et fouillées menées par les meilleurs spécialistes de ces questions.
Ana Lucia Araujo, ed. Politics of Memory: Making Slavery Visible in the Public Space. Routledge, 2012.
The public memory of slavery and the Atlantic slave trade, which some years ago could be observed especially in North America, has slowly emerged into a transnational phenomenon now encompassing Europe, Africa, and Latin America, and even Asia – allowing the populations of African descent, organized groups, governments, non-governmental organizations and societies in these different regions to individually and collectively update and reconstruct the slave past.
This edited volume examines the recent transnational emergence of the public memory of slavery, shedding light on the work of memory produced by groups of individuals who are descendants of slaves. The chapters in this book explore how the memory of the enslaved and slavers is shaped and displayed in the public space not only in the former slave societies but also in the regions that provided captives to the former American colonies and European metropoles. Through the analysis of exhibitions, museums, monuments, accounts, and public performances, the volume makes sense of the political stakes involved in the phenomenon of memorialization of slavery and the slave trade in the public sphere.
Dawne Y. Curry,, Eric D. Duke, and Marshanda A. Smith, eds. Extending the Diaspora: New Histories of Black People. 1st ed. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2009.
This groundbreaking collection addresses both new and familiar topics with fresh perspectives to produce original and thought-provoking scholarship on the diasporic histories of black people. Through a variety of methodologies and theoretical constructs, the contributors plumb a wide range of localities to engage many important subjects, including slavery and emancipation, transnational and diasporic experiences, social and political activism, and political and cultural identity. In doing so, they offer insightful and thought provoking studies, highlight new areas of inquiry in the African diaspora, and in many cases transcend geographical and national boundaries. The probing and meticulously woven narratives of this collection combine to show the vibrant histories of people of African descent.
Contributors are Iris Berger, John Campbell, Afua Cooper, Dawne Y. Curry, Eric D. Duke, Fatima El-Tayeb, Stephen G. Hall, Joel T. Helfrich, Beatriz G. Mamigonian, Yuichiro Onishi, Cassandra Pybus, Micol Seigel, Marshanda A. Smith, and Matthew J. Smith.
Trica Danielle Keaton, T. Denean Sharpley-Whiting, and Tyler Stovall, eds. Black France / France Noire: The History and Politics of Blackness. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2012.
From Duke University Press:
In Black France / France Noire, scholars, activists, and novelists from France and the United States address the untenable paradox at the heart of French society. France’s constitutional and legal discourses do not recognize race as a meaningful category. Yet the lived realities of race and racism are ever-present in the nation’s supposedly race-blind society. The vaunted universalist principles of the French Republic are far from realized. Any claim of color-blindness is belied by experiences of anti-black racism, which render blackness a real and consequential historical, social, and political formation. Contributors to this collection of essays demonstrate that blackness in France is less an identity than a response to and rejection of anti-black racism. Black France / France Noire is a distinctive and important contribution to the increasingly public debates on diversity, race, racialization, and multicultural intolerance in French society and beyond.
Contributors. Rémy Bazenguissa-Ganga, Allison Blakely, Jennifer Anne Boittin, Marcus Bruce, Fred Constant, Mamadou Diouf, Arlette Frund, Michel Giraud, Bennetta Jules-Rosette, Trica Danielle Keaton, Jake Lamar, Patrick Lozès, Alain Mabanckou, Elisabeth Mudimbe-Boyi, T. Denean Sharpley-Whiting, Tyler Stovall, Christiane Taubira, Dominic Thomas, Gary Wilder
Read the introduction here.
Afro-Europe posted a round-up of links related to race, racism, and blackness in France. Click here for more.
Paul E. Lovejoy, and Benjamin P. Bowser, eds. The Transatlantic Slave Trade and Slavery: New Directions in Teaching and Learning. Harriet Tubman Series on the African Diaspora. Trenton, NJ: Africa World Press, 2012.
The Harriet Tubman Institute is pleased to announce the Africa World Press publication of a new title in the Harriet Tubman Series on the African Diaspora.
Edited by Paul E. Lovejoy and Benjamin Bowser, “The Transatlantic Slave Trade and Slavery: New Directions in Teaching and Learning” is an anthology of papers reflecting on what we teach and the way we teach in breaking the silence on the subject of slavery and its consequences.
“How do we break the “chain of silence” in teaching slavery and the slave trade?”
“What psychological impact does studying slavery have on children?”
“How can this impact be influenced by teaching African and African diaspora history?”
Read more here: The Harriet Tubman Institute
“In colonial Latin America, social identity did not correlate neatly with fixed categories of race and ethnicity. As Imperial Subjects demonstrates, from the early years of Spanish and Portuguese rule, understandings of race and ethnicity were fluid. In this collection, historians offer nuanced interpretations of identity as they investigate how Iberian settlers, African slaves, Native Americans, and their multi-ethnic progeny understood who they were as individuals, as members of various communities, and as imperial subjects. The contributors’ explorations of the relationship between colonial ideologies of difference and the identities historical actors presented span the entire colonial period and beyond: from early contact to the legacy of colonial identities in the new republics of the nineteenth century. The volume includes essays on the major colonial centers of Mexico, Peru, and Brazil, as well as the Caribbean basin and the imperial borderlands…”
Read the rest at Duke University Press.
“Few images of early America were more striking, and jarring, than that of slaves in the capital city of the world’s most important free republic. Black slaves served and sustained the legislators, bureaucrats, jurists, cabinet officials, military leaders, and even the presidents who lived and worked there. While slaves quietly kept the nation’s capital running smoothly, lawmakers debated the place of slavery in the nation, the status of slavery in the territories newly acquired from Mexico, and even the legality of the slave trade in itself.
This volume, with essays by some of the most distinguished historians in the nation, explores the twin issues of how slavery made life possible in the District of Columbia and how lawmakers in the district regulated slavery in the nation.”
David Brion Davis – The Impact of British Abolitionism on American Sectionalism
James B. Stewart – Christian Statesmanship, Codes of Honor, and Congressional violence: The Antislavery Travails and Triumphs of Joshua Giddings
Stanley Harrold – Gamaliel Bailey, Antislavery Journalist and Lobbyist
Jonathan Earle – Saturday Nights at the Baileys’: Building an Antislavery Movement in Congress, 1838–1854
Susan Zaeske – “A nest of rattlesnakes let loose among them”: Congressional Debates over Women’s Antislavery Petitions, 1835–1845
David Zarefsky – Debating Slavery by Proxy: The Texas Annexation Controversy
Glenn Crothers – The 1846 Retrocession of Alexandria: Protecting Slavery and the Slave Trade in the District of Columbia
Mary Beth Corrigan – “Whether they be ours or no, they may be heirs of the kingdom”:
The Pursuit of Family Ties among enslaved People in the District
Mary K. Ricks – The 1848 Pearl escape from Washington, D.C.: A Convergence
of Opportunity, Motivation, and Political Action in the
Mitch Kachun – Celebrating emancipation and Contesting Freedom in